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U.S. Mint's Gold Coins

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2021 1 oz American Eagle Gold Coin Type 2

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As low as $1,911.88

2021 1/10 oz American Eagle Gold Coin Type 1

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As low as $376.70

1.85 oz Proof American Eagle Gold Coin 4-pc Set

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3 more left in stock
As low as $4,958.37

1 oz Proof American Eagle Gold Coin

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As low as $2,580.86

1/4 oz Proof American Eagle Gold Coin

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As low as $642.72

1/2 oz Proof American Eagle Gold Coin

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As low as $1,294.27
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What is the U.S. Mint?

The U.S. Mint (USM) is responsible for the production and distribution of all coins in the United States. The mint also facilitates the flow of gold and precious metal bullion within the country. The U.S. Mint is a bureau of the U.S. Department of the Treasury.

U.S. Mint Featured Gold Products

The U.S. Mint Through the Years

Back in 1652, when America was just a group of colonies, a mint was created in Boston to produce the country’s first coins. However, it wasn’t until 1792 that the United States Mint came into existence through the Coinage Act of 1792. This act of Congress established the first national mint. The first location chosen by Congress for the mint was Philadelphia, which was the country’s capital at the time. At the time of its inception, the USM was originally governed by the U.S. Department of State.

The mint’s original coin production was as follows:




Half cent


Half dime



Half dollar


Quarter eagle ($2.50)

Half eagle ($5)

Eagle ($10)


Just a few years later in 1799, the U.S. government decided to make the mint an independent agency. This allowed the USM to operate more like a business, taking precious metals and converting them into coinage for anyone who wanted. This proved to be a fruitful undertaking, especially due to the influx of gold that followed. In the early 1800s, the U.S. saw a gold rush in both the southern and western regions of the country. In order to keep up with demand, the mint opened three new branches in the South (in Charlotte, North Carolina; Dahlonega, Georgia; and New Orleans) and another in San Francisco to mint both gold and silver coins.

Ultimately, the U.S. government decided to bring the mint back under its own jurisdiction. As a result, in 1873 the mint was placed under the Department of the Treasury. From this point forward, the USM only produced and minted coins for the Treasury to be circulated by the country’s government.

In order to meet the demand for minting during this time, the USM not only needed manufacturing facilities to produce coins but somewhere to store bullion deposits. So, in 1936, the U.S. Mint opened the Fort Knox Bullion Depository in Fort Knox, Kentucky which still acts as the storehouse for over half of the country’s bullion reserves today.

The U.S. Mint Today

Mint Location

Year Opened

Products Minted

Mint Mark*

Philadelphia, PA 


Circulated coinage, medals, and awards


San Francisco, CA


Proof coinage, Susan B. Anthony Dollar


Denver, CO


Circulated coinage, mint sets, commemorative coins


West Point, NY


Commemorative coinage and stored gold


*bullion coins and coins minted from 1965-1967 do not have mint marks. 

The U.S. Mint and Gold

 From the mint’s early days in Philadelphia, gold production was a key area of its business. With the California gold rush in the 1800s, mints in Colorado, California, Louisiana, Georgia, and North Carolina were used to refine gold deposits brought in by an increasing number of miners in those areas. Then, when the U.S. adopted the gold standard in 1900, backing all of its currency with gold, the demand for the mint’s gold services increased even further.

But there was a lull in gold production beginning in 1933 when private gold ownership (outside of jewelry and collectors’ coins) was made illegal in the country. This caused gold production by the mint to come to a grinding halt until the ban was lifted in 1974.

Today, the U.S. Mint serves a variety of functions for the country’s gold market. These include:

  • Production of bullion and gold coins
  • Design and production of special coinage, including commemorative coins, limited edition coins and medals Secure country’s bullion reserves
  • Distribute circulation coins from mints to Federal Reserve Banks
  • Distribute gold for authorized purposes

The mint’s major gold coin produced is the American Eagle Gold Coin. This coin comes as both a proof coin and bullion. The investment-grade bullion coin comes in four sizes: one ounce, one-half ounce, one-quarter ounce, and one-tenth ounce. The mint also released the American Buffalo Gold Bullion Coin, a limited edition bullion coin, which is available as a one-ounce coin.

Meanwhile, proof coinage, like that of the American Eagle Gold Proof Coin, are incredibly popular collector’s pieces. These coins are limited mintings and of the highest quality the mint has to offer. They too come in four sizes: one ounce, one-half ounce, one-quarter ounce, and one-tenth ounce.

U.S. Mint Gold Fun Facts

  • One of the most notable, and valuable U.S. gold coins is the Saint-Gaudens Double Eagle. One such coin minted in 1933 recently sold for $7,590,020.
  • The U.S. Mint is tasked with the production of Congressional Gold Medals given out for distinguished achievements and contributions to the country.
  • Gold coins produced by the mint range from one-tenth to one ounce, and 22 to 24 karat purity.
  • Gold bullion is not stored in any of the production facilities and is instead kept in the U.S. Bullion Depository in Fort Knox, Kentucky.
  • The mint has plans to introduce anti-counterfeiting technology into all American Eagle coins in 2021.
  • Over 22 million American Eagle Gold Bullion Coins have been sold by the mint since the coin was released in 1986.

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